Recently, the full text of the speech delivered by Wu Xinxiong, director of the National Energy Administration, at the national "13th Five-Year" energy planning work conference was released. Wu Xinxiong revealed in the meeting that during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, my country will continue the policy of controlling the total consumption of energy and coal. The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" will propose 2020 total energy consumption control goals and specific implementation paths; research on measures to promote the development of non-fossil energy, as well as measures for energy conservation and emission reduction in key areas such as industry, construction, and transportation.
Open the door to make plans and report to the State Council within two years
"Different from the previous five-year plans, the '13th Five-Year' energy plan is more pragmatic and emphasizes operability. Not only does it adopt the method of 'opening the door to make plans, and scientifically compiling plans', it invites professional research institutions and the public to participate. It also ensures that each project All indicators can achieve task decomposition, clear responsible units, and have specific time schedules, so that the plan can be implemented well." Lin Boqiang, deputy dean of Xinhuadu Business School, told reporters.
It is understood that in April this year, the National Energy Administration commissioned 16 research and consulting units including the General Electric Power Planning and Design Institute, the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the General Institute of Hydropower and Water Conservancy Planning and Design to set up an energy planning consulting working group as a professional support team for energy planning. And using news media, the Internet and other forms, invite all sectors of the society to make suggestions and suggestions for the "13th Five-Year" energy plan to improve the adaptability of the plan.
At the subsequent "13th Five-Year" energy planning work conference organized by the National Energy Administration, Wu Xinxiong proposed that the planning should focus on nine issues to fundamentally solve the long-term and deep-seated problems affecting the development of energy science in my country.
Among them, "vigorously promoting energy conservation" is placed first, that is, through the scientific and rational use of energy, vigorously improve energy efficiency, and strictly control the excessive growth of energy consumption; through the measures of "one suspension and double control", energy consumption and economic growth are linked , and impose strong constraints on total energy consumption control on high-energy-consuming industries and surplus industries.
The other eight issues are: enhancing domestic oil and gas supply capacity, developing and utilizing coal cleanly and efficiently, increasing the proportion of renewable energy, developing nuclear power safely, expanding international cooperation in energy, strengthening oil substitution and emergency reserve capacity building, deepening energy system reform, and enhancing energy science and technology. Creativity.
Wu Xinxiong also revealed that the "13th Five-Year" energy plan is planned to be completed in about two years, and this year will mainly carry out preliminary basic work. Before March 2016, the national energy development "13th Five-Year" plan was drafted. From March 2016 to May 2016, the "13th Five-Year" plan for energy development will be reported to the State Council.
Energy efficient and economical utilization throughout
Wu Xinxiong introduced that at present, the problem of extensive energy utilization in my country is still serious. In 2013, my country's energy consumption per unit of GDP was 1.8 times that of the world average, 2.3 times that of the United States, and 3.8 times that of Japan, higher than developing countries such as Brazil and Mexico. With the continuous growth of population and total economic output, if the current extensive energy use method continues, my country's energy supply will be difficult to support.
"Especially the increasingly serious smog problem in the past two years has aroused people's thinking about the way of energy utilization." Liu Qiang, deputy director of the Energy Research Office of the Institute of Quantitative and Technical Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that in order to control smog, my country's There are many restrictions on energy use: coal restrictions, electricity restrictions, motor vehicle restrictions, etc. "However, the priority of energy work is to secure supply and provide adequate, safe, clean and efficient energy, not restrict energy use."
"Using more scientific and rational means, clean and efficient use of energy is the core of solving the problem." Lin Boqiang said frankly.
On April 18 this year, Premier Li Keqiang also made a clear request at the first meeting of the new National Energy Commission to promote the reform of energy production and consumption, and to embark on a clean, efficient, safe and sustainable energy development path. At the meeting of the Central Financial and Economic Leading Group held on June 13, General Secretary Xi Jinping even raised energy production and consumption to a "revolutionary" level.
"For a long period of time in the future, the status of coal as my country's main energy source will not change. Clean and efficient use of coal resources is an important cornerstone to ensure my country's energy security." , steadily promote the replacement and transformation of "coal to electricity" and "coal to gas", and actively promote the utilization of coal by grade and grade, in order to improve the comprehensive utilization efficiency of coal.
Renewable energy will gain more space for development
Wu Xinxiong pointed out that due to the low level of new energy development and utilization in my country, the proportion of non-fossil energy in total energy consumption is only 9.8%, so during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the proportion of renewable energy will be greatly increased.
It is understood that in the preparation of the new energy planning, there will be a lot of room for development of renewable energy sources such as hydropower, wind power, and photovoltaics. By 2020, the installed capacity of conventional hydropower will reach about 350 million kilowatts, and the installed capacity of wind power and photovoltaic power generation will reach 350 million kilowatts respectively. 200 million and more than 100 million kilowatts.
In terms of the development of wind power in the first half of this year, the new grid-connected capacity of wind power nationwide was 6.32 million kilowatts, and the cumulative grid-connected capacity was 82.77 million kilowatts, a year-on-year increase of 23%. speed.
In the first half of 2014, the new grid-connected capacity of photovoltaic power generation nationwide was 3.3 million kilowatts, an increase of about 100% over the same period last year. The cumulative on-grid electricity of photovoltaic power generation is about 11 billion kWh, a year-on-year increase of more than 200%.
Judging from the data, although the new grid-connected capacity of renewable energy across the country increased significantly in the first half of the year, it still fell short of the expected target. An authoritative person told reporters that, considering factors such as the scale of filing management and grid-connection process, the new grid-connected capacity in the second half of the year will be much higher than that in the first half of the year.
It is worth mentioning that Wu Xinxiong proposed that we must adhere to both centralized and distributed, and take the development of distributed photovoltaics as an important means to promote the revolution of energy production and consumption in my country.
However, for renewable energy, especially wind power and photovoltaics, the phenomenon of abandoning wind and light has always plagued its rapid development, and the problem of grid connection cannot be effectively solved, making the development of renewable energy difficult.
Wu Xinxiong said that it is necessary to strengthen the overall planning of power supply and power grids, actively develop smart grids, scientifically arrange supporting capabilities for peak regulation, frequency regulation, and energy storage, and effectively solve the problems of abandoning wind and light.