In 2013, the wind power market experienced its first market contraction in the past 20 years, adding a total of 35 GW, the lowest value in the past five years. The number of new wind turbine installations in the United States fell from 13.1 GW in 2012 to 1.1 GW in 2013, which greatly exceeded the industry's expectations; China regained the first place in the world in terms of new installations with 16.1 GW.
The National Development and Reform Commission recently announced the benchmark electricity price policy for offshore wind power: the on-grid electricity price of offshore wind power projects put into operation before 2017 is 0.85 yuan per kWh (tax included), and the on-grid price of intertidal wind power projects is 0.75 yuan per kWh (tax included) . This move has once again stimulated the attention of the already silent wind power market. In this issue, we will take stock of the global wind power development overview and market forecast as of 2013. The role of wind power in global electricity production
In 2013, 22.1% of the world's electricity came from renewable energy, of which 16.4% came from traditional hydropower. 1.8%, 0.7%, 0.4%. Wind power has the highest share of all other types of renewable energy, but is still far from becoming the dominant force in electricity production.
Global wind power installed capacity
In the past ten years, the total installed capacity of wind power in the world has grown rapidly, especially after 2005, the annual newly installed capacity has entered a track of rapid growth. Thanks to the explosive growth of China's wind power market, the world has maintained an annual installed capacity of about 40 GW since 2009. By the end of 2013, the cumulative installed capacity of wind power in the world was 318.1 GW, an increase of more than 30 times compared with the total installed capacity in 1996. However, the newly installed capacity in 2013 fell by about 10 GW compared with 2012, which was the first time in the past 20 years that the market has contracted, and the decline exceeded industry expectations, returning to the level before 2009.
The top ten countries with cumulative installations
As of the end of 2013, 71 countries in the world have installed wind power capacity of more than 10 MW, and 24 countries have more than 1 GW. In 2013, China took the first place in terms of new installed capacity of wind power (16.1 GW) and cumulative installed capacity (91.4 GW), accounting for 45.6% and 28.7% of the world respectively. New wind turbine installations in the U.S. fell from 13.1 GW in 2012 to 1.1 GW in 2013, ceding its No. 1 spot in new installations in 2012 (China ranked No. 1 for the year by a narrow margin of 0.1 GW). 2), dropped to No. 6. See the map on the previous page for the top ten countries in terms of new installations of major wind turbines.
However, due to the rapid development in the past ten years, the United States still firmly occupies the second position in terms of cumulative installations, accounting for 19.2% of the global cumulative installations. See the map on the previous page for the top ten countries in terms of the cumulative installed total of the remaining wind turbines.
Comparison of wind power development in China, the United States and the European Union
China, the United States and the European Union have always been the main forces driving the rapid growth of the global wind power market. The European Union is the first region to develop wind power on a large scale. Before China developed wind power on a large scale, the United States maintained its position as the largest wind power installed country for a long time until it was surpassed by China in 2010. Among the three regions, the development of the European Union is relatively stable, the development of China is the shortest but the fastest, and the United States has shown a slowing trend after maintaining a period of high-speed growth. But the industry expects the U.S. market to rebound in 2014 after a disappointing 2013.
Major countries with installed offshore wind power
The EU occupies an absolute dominant position in the offshore wind power market, and 8 of the top 10 offshore wind power installation countries are from the EU. Among them, the United Kingdom is the global leader in offshore wind power. As of 2013, its cumulative installed offshore wind power capacity was 3,680.9 MW, accounting for 52.2% of the global total; the newly installed offshore wind power capacity in 2013 was 733.0 MW, accounting for 733.0 MW in the world. The newly added offshore wind power installed capacity accounted for 44.9%, accounting for 38.9% of its total new domestic wind power installed capacity. Denmark, Belgium, Germany, and China ranked 2 to 5. China ranked third in 2012, but only 39.0 MW of newly installed capacity in 2013, surpassed by Belgium and Germany. The Netherlands, Finland, Ireland and other major offshore wind installations did not build capacity in 2013. Japan is another major Asian country developing offshore wind, but it is still small. Another important wind power installed country, the United States, has hardly developed offshore wind power.
The world's top ten wind turbine manufacturers
The top ten wind turbine manufacturers in the world account for about 70% of the market share. Denmark's Vestas is still the leader in the global wind turbine manufacturer, with a global share of 13.1%; China's Goldwind follows closely with a global share of 11.0%; Germany's ENERCON ranks No. 1 with a 9.8% market share 3. Due to the rapid development of China's domestic wind power market, three Chinese wind power manufacturers have entered the top ten in the world. The top 10 global wind turbine manufacturers are shown above.
Forecast of global wind power development in the next five years
Due to the sluggish performance in 2013, the International Wind Energy Council expects that the wind power market will usher in a strong rebound in 2014, and its scale may reach 47.3 GW, an increase of 34.0% compared to 2013; then, between 2015 and 2018, the market size will Maintain an average annual growth rate of around 6% to 9%. It is estimated that by 2018, the global cumulative installed wind power capacity will reach 596.3 GW, an increase of 87.5% compared with 2013.